Image cc leeturner.
Is the real barrier to open data good manners?
There’s honest open truth in the blog post Over Politeness is the fatal flaw in the open data movement.
Anything Tom Steinberg writes on Open data needs to be taken seriously. It was he who was one of the key people behind the power of information task force report which got government starting to understand why it’s important to free up information. Never a natural insider, now he writes:
So, how do I feel about it all now, eight and a half years on from the Open Data Principles? Not good. I’ve watched the government of the country I live in sell off our national addressing database, a breathtakingly moronic move that more than undoes the sum and total of good works done in the same time period. And I’ve watched that same government tacitly endorse attempts to kneecap our Freedom of Information law, whilst simultaneously grinning and waving a flag labeled ‘most transparent government in the world.’
I’ve not seen any meaningful attempt to systematically overhaul procurement rules to ensure that new government computer systems produce decent open data by default. This omission is especially important since building open data feeds into new government computer systems remains the only way that most government data will ever get released cheaply, quickly, and in appropriate formats. Factories and power stations only pump out less rubbish when the law says they must, and the same is true of government computer systems. International progress on that front so far? Somewhere between dismal and undetectable.
Transparency laws are like babies: There’s no way to get a real one without someone somewhere having to go through a very unpleasant experience that they’d really do almost anything to avoid. And as a consequence, meaningful transparency laws don’t get implemented except in situations where legislators fear something even worse than the effects of more transparency.
If you don’t believe me, consider the following examples.
In Britain, we did not gain the right to see our Member of Parliament’s expenses untilHeather Brooke forced out a scandal so enormous that four MPs were actually sent to jail. Just in the last two weeks we appear (in a vaguely codified way) to have won the right to see our leaders’ tax returns—but only after a week in which the press savaged the Prime Minister daily over his connections to off-shore finances co-ordinated by his father. The pain required to produce this concession could literally be seen on David Cameron’s face as he was forced to face the issue.
I agree. I’ve sat on the Local Public Data Panel at the Department of Communities and Local Government. Rarely did I feel I was being much use, often felt stifled by process and internal political demands. This stifling of what people on the panel wanted to achieve was usually tolerated because we were over respecting convention and frankly being polite (or weary).
Government can and does co-opt, in part to control change and bog things down. I do though only partly agree that being combative is the whole answer. Government also needs to invest in sharing information. We’ve benefited from that investment. It needs to be a combination of a will to change from within government and impatience for change outside. But then I’m probably still being polite.
Bitcoin for Volunteers and blockchain for government.
Bitcoin is the digital currency that is being fussed over at the moment as Australian Craig Wright says he invented it. It’s important because it is a way of creating currency that doesn’t require a bank. It allows us to trust each other with who owns which money – because we can all share the same cash book – or ledger.
HullCoin allows people in Hull to create a new currency with the time they put into volunteering. It is similar to the =Bristol Pound or Timesharing in some senses. What’s interesting, in part, is that it uses a blockchain. The technology behind Bitcoin.
Blockchain is, rightly, also on the minds of government. Why? If this technology helps us trust each other with money, it can also help us trust each other with much more besides: who has voted, who owns which house, who is entitled to which services and who is qualified to deliver them.
In his speech last week, Digital transformation in government and blockchain technology, the Cabinet Office minister Matt Hancock, said:
To make real progress, we have to be much smarter.
That’s why we started building what we call ‘government as a platform’. That little catchphrase sums up a huge amount of work building many different things – not just actual technical platforms, but also standards, design and service patterns, data registers, and the skills and capability of the people who deliver digital services, and indeed the whole business of government.
All those things – the platforms, the standards, the legacy technology, the service design – come together as an ecosystem of interconnected components that departmental teams can use to assemble their services.
They will only do that, though, if they actually trust those components in the first place. So delivering transformation is just as much about fostering a new culture of trust across government.
The old culture depended on departmental silos, and services designed and delivered within them. Instead we’ve got to work across those silos. And that depends on trust.
This brings us to the benefits of the blockchain.
Blockchains – distributed ledgers, shared ledgers – are digital tools for building trust in data.
Rather than a single central authority demanding trust and declaring: “I say this data is correct,” you have the distributed consensus of everyone in the chain, saying in unison: “we agree that this data is correct.”
They bring with them built-in integrity and immutability. You can only write new data, nothing is ever removed or deleted.
It does sometimes get touted as a wonder solution. In time institutions that we rely on to manage trusted processes – planning departments, banks, local authorities – will be changed by technology like this. The most important first start for government though is to recognise that many of it’s structures are a barrier to better ways of working, to focus instead on what needs to be done to solve a problem.
That is what Mark Rogers – Chief executive at Birmingham City council – has been thinking about in what he calls a
Pig in Muck moment…
His blog post Tapping into Brum’s talent and innovation expresses his pure pleasure of spending time with a group of people passionate about finding new routes to solve problems:
Hosted by that hotbed of forward thinking grooviness, the ImpactHub, a small number of fellow travellers sat down for a couple of hours to make my brain hurt on the subject of an ‘open innovation system’.
Pretentious? Hopefully not.
Under discussion was actually something very straight-forward; how we might further encourage and accelerate a progressive, welcoming and applied approach to convening interested parties from civil and civic society to tackle the city’s wicked – and not-so-wicked – issues.
Those of you who have been following my ramblings for the last couple of years will know that I am (very) interested in working out, among a number of things, how the council can itself become more innovative, whilst also being more enabling of others across the city to do the same.
It’s important that people like Mark take the time to have their head hurt. It’s much more productive than the sort of polite government meetings that stifle change in areas such as open data.